Description Of Case Study

3.0 DESCRIPTION OF CASE STUDY . These case studies were conducted to identify the systems, technology, techniques, process and implementation of the Industrialised Building System (IBS) and the conventional construction for the projects around Penang. The selected projects were the Sekolah Kebangsaan Minden Heights and the Jamek Mosque in Sungai Gelugor. Sekolah Kebangsaan Minden Height is situated at Lot 3432, Bandar Gelugor, Daerah Timur Laut, Pulau Pinang. The client involve is Ministry of Education and the main contractor is Azrul Enterprise Sdn. Bhd. It is a propose project to build and complete an IBS project for 10 classroom and facilities involved. This project consists of one four-storey building which is for administration and academic use (Block A) and one two-storey building for science laboratories (Block B). Precast concrete is being used for this project as an IBS method. Furthermore, they used two IBS component specialists from Creative Precast Technics Sdn. Bhd. for beams, half slabs and stairs and Acotec Wall Panel for wall panels. As for the second choosen case study project, Jamek Mosque Sungai Gelugor is an old Malay mosque in Gelugor. Jamek Mosque located on a 1ha plot of land, in Jalan Akuarium, Gelugor, Penang, can now accommodate up to 1,800 people at a time. The previous 102 years old mosque building, which was demolished in February 2012 for the rebuilding project, was able to take in only 500 people. With an allocation of RM3.26mil from the Federal Government and RM1mil from the Penang Islamic Religious Affairs Department, the new mosque was completed within 20 months. The two-storey mosque with a sky blue dome has an administration room, toilets for the physically-challenged, wool carpeting at the main hall and non-slip tiles at the ablution room. . . . . . . 3.1 Systems In terms of system, the...

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Clover Machines (case Study)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . GLOBALIZATION Clover Machines (case study) . Katia Almeida Brandman University FINU 615 . . . . . Introduction Globalization is responsible for several changes in the world, influencing political and social relationships, technological development, methods of work etc. The purpose of this paper is to show the influence of globalization on manufacture. One of the changes brought by globalization is the fact that robots are being more and more utilized in the production process. These machines are programmed to perform rapid, standardized and effective movements, therefore increasing production efficiency. Analysis According to data released by the United Nations (UN), approximately eighty five thousand robots are introduced annually in industries worldwide. It is estimated that there are over eight hundred thousand robots performing work that could employ about two million people. This process is driven by several factors, one being the maximization of production: the use of robots can substantially increase production in certain industries. To companies, the use of machinery is more advantageous since not only production efficiency rate is higher but payroll is reduced and therefore profitability is higher. Robots, despite having to go through maintenance, are more beneficial for companies because, unlike workers they do not get sick, do not take vacations, do not get pregnant, do not need rest, do not get paid and do not complain, among other factors. Globalization has created another market that is the resale. The Netherlands is the largest exporter of agricultural products in Europe and the world. The strategy is to import products from countries where these products have little commercial value (mainly China – vegetables) and re-export to countries with large economic power that are willing to pay higher prices for the same products. The theory of...

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Classical Genetics

Classical Genetics Gregor Mendel  Mendel (1822-1884) was an Austrian monk at Brno monastery. He was a keen gardener and scientist, and studied at Vienna University, where he learnt statistics. He investigated inheritance in pea plants and published his results in 1866. They were ignored at the time, but were rediscovered in 1900, and Mendel is now recognised as the “Father of Genetics”. His experiments succeeded where other had failed because: • Mendel investigated simple well-defined characteristics (or traits), such as flower colour or seed shape, and he varied one trait at a time. Previous investigators had tried to study many complex traits, such as human height or intelligence. • Mendel use an organism whose sexual reproduction he could easily control by carefully pollinating stigmas with pollen using a brush. Peas can also be self-pollinated, allowing self crosses to be performed. This is not possible with animals. • Mendel repeated his crosses hundreds of times and applied statistical tests to his results. • Mendel studied two generations of peas at a time. A typical experiment looked like this:  Mendel made several conclusions from these experiments: 1.       There are no mixed colours (e.g. pink), so this disproved the widely-held blending theories of inheritance that characteristics gradually mixed over time. 2.       A characteristic can disappear for a generation, but then reappear the following generation, looking exactly the same. So a characteristic can be present but hidden. 3.       The outward appearance (the phenotype) is not necessarily the same as the inherited factors (the genotype) For example the P1 red plants are not the same as the F1 red plants. 4.       One form of a characteristic can mask the other. The two forms are called dominant and recessive respectively. 5.       The F2 ratio is always close to 3:1. Mendel was able to explain this by supposing that each individual has two versions of each inherited factor, one received from each parent....

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Chua Extrapolated The Conceptual Symmetry Between The Resistor

. Abstract: A Memristor (“memory resistor”) is one of various kinds of passive two-terminal circuit elements that maintain a functional relationship between the time integrals of current and voltage. This function, called memristance, is similar to variable resistance. Specifically engineered Memristors provide controllable resistance, but such devices are not commercially available. Other devices like batteries and varistors have memristance, but it does not normally dominate their behavior. The definition of the memristor is based solely on fundamental circuit variables, similarly to the resistor, capacitor, and inductor. Unlike those three elements, which are allowed in linear time-invariant or LTI system theory, Memristor are nonlinear and may be described by any of a variety of time-varying functions of net charge. There is no such thing as a generic memristor. Instead, each device implements a particular function, wherein either the integral of voltage determines the integral of current, or vice versa. A linear time-invariant memristor is simply a conventional resistor. Introduction: . Memristor theory was formulated and named by Leon Chua in a 1971 paper. Chua extrapolated the conceptual symmetry between the resistor, inductor, and capacitor, and inferred that the memristor is a similarly fundamental device. Other scientists had already used fixed nonlinear flux-charge relationships, but Chua’s theory introduces generality. . On April 30, 2008 a team at HP Labs announced the development of a switching memristor. Based on a thin film of titanium dioxide, it has a regime of operation with an approximately linear charge-resistance relationship. These devices are being developed for application in nanoelectronic memories, computer logic, and neuromorphic computer architectures. . . . .Theory . . M emristor symbol. The memristor is formally defined as a two-terminal element in which the magnetic flux Φm between the terminals is a function of the amount of electric charge q that has passed...

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