David Was An Attorney In His Early 40s When He Sought Treatment For Depressed Mood

Case Study David was an attorney in his early 40s when he sought treatment for depressed mood. He cited business and marital problems as the source of his distress and wondered if he was having midlife crisis. David had grown up in a comfortable suburb of a large city, the oldest of three children and the only son of a successful businessman and a former secretary. Always known to have a bit of a temper, David usually provoked his parents and his sisters into giving in to his wishes. Even if they didn’t give in to his demands, he reported that he usually went ahead and did what he wanted, anyway. David spoke of being an “ace” student and a “super” athlete but could not provide any details that would validate a superior performance in these areas. He also recollected that he had his pick of girlfriends, as most women were “thrilled” to have a date with him. David went to college, fantasizing about being famous in a high-profile career. He majored in communications, planning to go on to law school and eventually into politics. He met his first wife during college, the year she was the university homecoming queen. They married shortly after their joint graduation. He then went on to law school, and she went to work to support the couple. During law school, David became a workaholic, fueled by fantasies of brilliant work and international recognition. He spent minimal time with his wife and, after their son was born, even less time with either of them. As the same time, he continued a string of extramarital affairs, mostly brief sexual encounters. He spoke of his wife in an annoyed, devaluing way, complaining about how she just did not live up to his expectations. He waited until he...

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‘Cognitive’ Versus ‘Non-Cognitive’ Emotions

Emotion From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). Emotion is the complex psychophysiological experience of an individual’s state of mind as interacting with biochemical (internal) andenvironmental (external) influences. In humans, emotion fundamentally involves “physiological arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience“.[1] Emotion is associated with mood, temperament, personality and disposition, and motivation. The English word ’emotion’ is derived from the French word émouvoir. This is based on the Latin emovere, where e- (variant of ex-) means ‘out’ and movere means ‘move’.[2]The related term “motivation” is also derived from the word movere. No definitive taxonomy of emotions exists, though numerous taxonomies have been proposed. Some categorizations include: · ‘Cognitive’ versus ‘non-cognitive’ emotions · Instinctual emotions (from the amygdala), versus cognitive emotions (from the prefrontal cortex). · Categorization based on duration: Some emotions occur over a period of seconds (for example, surprise), whereas others can last years (for example, love). A related distinction is between the emotion and the results of the emotion, principally behaviors and emotional expressions. People often behave in certain ways as a direct result of their emotional state, such as crying, fighting or fleeing. If one can have the emotion without the corresponding behavior, then we may consider the behavior not to be essential to the emotion. The James-Lange theory posits that emotional experience is largely due to the experience of bodily changes. The functionalist approach to emotions (for example, Nico Frijda and Freitas-Magalhaes) holds that emotions have evolved for a particular function, such as to keep the subject safe. Contents  [hide] • 1 Classification • 2 Theories ◦ 2.1 Somatic theories · 2.1.1 James-Lange theory ◦ 2.2 Neurobiological theories · 2.2.1 Prefrontal cortex · 2.2.2 Homeostatic emotion ◦ 2.3 Cognitive theories · 2.3.1 Perceptual theory · 2.3.2 Affective events theory · 2.3.3 Cannon-Bard theory · 2.3.4 Two-factor theory · 2.3.5 Component process model • 3 Disciplinary approaches ◦ 3.1 Evolutionary biology ◦ 3.2 Sociology ◦ 3.3 Psychotherapy ◦ 3.4 Computer science • 4 Notable theorists • 5 See also • 6 References ◦ 6.1 Notes ◦ 6.2 Further reading • 7 External links [edit]Classification Main article: Emotion classification There are basic and complex categories, where some basic emotions can be modified in some way to form complex emotionsconditioning or association combined with the basic emotions. Alternatively, analogous to the way primary colors combine, primary emotions could blend to...

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Anatomy And Physiology

I. Introduction Anatomy and Physiology The brain is the control center of the body. It is divided into the following regions: The Cerebrum – controls voluntary movements and coordinates mental activity,The Cerebellum – coordinates voluntary movements, balance and posture,The Limbic System – control center for the autonomic nervous system, emotion and memory and The Brainstem – life support systems (e.g. breathing, swallowing). The spinal cord is the portal connecting the brain to the rest of the body. The spinal cord, in an adult, is approximately 45 cm long and 1.5 cm wide and extends only to L1 or L2. Spinal nerves are named according to the vertebra they are adjacent to. Anatomy: The spinal cord is well protected inside vertebrae. The dura (hard) mater is the outermost layer protecting the spinal cord. The pia (delicate) mater is the innermost layer protecting the spinal cord. Functions: The spinal cord has a butterfly-like pattern, which consists of the grey matter – mostly unmyelinated interneurons. Afferent signals from the periphery synapse on interneurons in the grey matter of the spinal cord. Signals are then sent via myelinated neurons for processing by the appropriate centers in the brain. Pathophysiology Cerebrovascular accident or stroke (also called brain attack) results from sudden interruption of blood supply to the brain, which precipitates neurologic dysfunction lasting longer than 24 hours. Stroke are either ischemic, caused by partial or complete occlusions of a cerebral blood vessel by cerebral thrombosis or embolism or hemorrhage (leakage of blood from a vessel causes compression of brain tissue and spasm of adjacent vessels). Hemorrhage may occur outside the dura (extradural), beneath the dura mater (subdural), in the subarachnoid space (subarachnoid), or within the brain substance itself (intracerebral). Risk factors for stroke include transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) – warning sign of impending stroke – hypertension, arteriosclerosis, heart disease, elevated cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, obesity,...

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Acute Calculous Cholecystitis

. Far Eastern University Sampaloc, Manila Institute of Nursing . . . . . . . . Case Presentation . Acute Calculous Cholecystitis . . . . . Presented by: . Esguerra, Krizia Syrene Esmao, Gerard Louise Espina, Gwenmae Pearl Espina, Martin Greimon Espiritu, Alec Espiritu, Jessica Estella, Camille Caridad Estrella, Gellie Ann Estrella, Jennifer Evangelista, Lousel Faeldan, Marie Angeline Feji, Carl Anthony BSN114 Group 55 . . . . . . . . Presented to: . Mrs. Marilou Choa, RN, MAN Clinical Instructor . December 02, 2010 . . .FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY Institute of Nursing Case Presentation Acute Calculous Cholecystitis . . . I.Introduction . Last November 18, 2010, a group of students with twelve members were assigned to Mrs. Marilou Choa RN, MAN at FEU NRMF to complete their affiliation and to gain lots of new knowledge, and develop their skills and passion on the field of nursing. . Each members of the group were required to submit an individual nursing care plan. We are told that we will be assigned on the station 4A and will handle assigned patients hospitalized on that area. . WHAT IS ACUTE CALCULOUS CHOLECYSTITIS? . I.Objectives . General Objectives: . My general objective is to understand what Acute Calculous Cholecystitis is. . Specific Objectives: . Specifically: . 1.)To know what causes to have Acute Calculous Cholecystitis. 2.)To know the anatomy and physiology of the body organ involved in Acute Calculous Cholecystitis 3.) To understand the pathophysiology of Acute Calculous Cholecystitis. 4.)To relate my patient chief complaint on her condition having Acute Calculous Cholecystitis. 5.)To improve ourself on formulating Nursing Care Plans. 6.)To relate the medications and medical procedures done to the patient on her condition of Acute Calculous Cholecystitis...

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A Study On Brand Awareness

A STUDY ON Brand Awareness With reference to “AIRTEL . . Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements For the award of the degree of . Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)                                                        To . Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi . . . . . Submitted To: Submitted By Faculty Guide: Ms Mona goel :Pulkit punjani                                                                            Roll No.:0772131708 . . . . . TECNIA INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED STUDIES INSTITUTIONAL AREA, MADHUBAN CHOWK, ROHINI, DELHI- 110085 Batch (2008-2011) . . CONTENTS . S No Topic Page No 1 Certificate (s) – 2 Acknowledgements – 3 Executive Summary – 4 List of Tables – 5 List of Figures – 6 List of Abbreviations – 7 Chapter-1: Introduction . 8 Chapter-2: Data Reduction & Presentation . 9 Chapter-3: Data Analysis . 10 Chapter-4: Summary and Conclusions . 11 References/Bibliography . 12 Appendices/Questionnaire . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate . . I, MR. PULKIT PUNJANI, Roll No. 0772131708 certify that the Project Report/Dissertation (BBA-310) entitled“A STUDY ON Brand Awareness With reference to “AIRTEL” is done by me and it is an authentic work carried out by me at TECNIA INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED STUDIES. The matter embodied in this project work has not been submitted earlier for the award of any degree or diploma to the best of my knowledge and belief. . . . Signature of the Student Date: . . Certified that the Project Report/Dissertation (BBA-310) entitled “A STUDY ON Brand Awareness With reference to “AIRTEL” done by Mr PULKIT PUNJANI , Roll No.0772131708, is completed under my guidance. . . . Signature of the Guide Date: Name of the Guide: Designation: Address:                       Tecnia Institute of Advanced Studies, New Delhi Countersigned . . . Director/Project Coordinator . . . . . . . . ACKNOWLEDGEMT ....

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