August 2012 This month’s newsletter is the first in a multi-part series on using the ANOVA method for an ANOVA Gage R&R study. This method simply uses analysis of variance to analyze the results of a gage R&R study instead of the classical average and range 5 2.2 2.08 2.16 B 1 3.08 3.25 3.07 2.9800 0.0013 2 2.53 1.78 2.32 3 4.19 3.94 4.34 4 3.01 4.03 3.2 5 2.44 1.8 1.72 C 1 3.04 2.89 2.85 2.6947 0.0621 2 1.62 1.87 2.04 3 3.88 4.09 3.67 4 3.14 3.2 3.11 5 1.54 1.93 1.55 Sum of Deviations 0.1087 15(Sum of Deviations) 1.6304 Thus, SSO = 1.6304 So, you can see that the sum of squares due to the operators is based on how the operator averages deviate from the overall average. There are three operator averages. Since we calculated the overall average, we lost one degree of freedom. The degrees of freedom associated with the operators are 3 – 1 = 2, or k -1 = 2. The variability chart below shows the results by operator by part. The horizontal blue line is the average for the operator. The horizontal green line is the overall average. The difference between those two lines is the deivation. The first column is the source of variability. Remember that a Gage R&R study is a study of variation. There are five sources of variability in this ANOVA approach: the operator, the part, the interaction between the operator and part, the equipment and the total. The second column is the degrees of freedom associated with the source of variation. The third column is the sum of squares. The calculations with these two columns were covered in the first part of this series. The fourth column is the mean square associated with the source...

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LAPORAN KASUS TUMOR KULIT SUSPEK MALIGNA SUSPEK KARSINOMA SEL BASAL FACIALIS DEKSTRA Disusun Oleh : dr. Vina Listy Pramita PROGRAM INTERNSHIP RSUD TANAH BUMBU PERIODE NOVEMBER 2012 – OKTOBER 2013 BAB I PENDAHULUAN Penyakit kanker kulit dewasa ini cenderung mengalami peningkatan jumlahnya terutama di kawasan Amerika, Australia dan Inggris. Berdasarkan beberapa penelitian, mereka orang-orang kulit putih yang lebih banyak menderita jenis kanker kulit ini. Hal tersebut diprediksikan sebagai akibat seringnya mereka terkena (banyak terpajan) cahaya matahari. Di Indonesia penderita kanker kulit terbilang sangat sedikit dibandingkan ke-3 negara tersebut, namun demikian kanker kulit perlu dipahami karena selain menyebabkan kecacatan (merusak penampilan) juga pada stadium lanjut dapat berakibat fatal bagi penderita. Kanker ini dapat dilihat secara visual langsung dan dengan mengadakan pemeriksaan biopsi, diagnosis dapat ditegakkan dengan cepat. Oleh karena itu sebelumnya kanker kulit dapat dideteksi secara dini. Tetapi kenyataannya masih banyak pasien datang berobat untuk kanker kulit berada dalam stadium lanjut, disertai kerusakan-kerusakan setempat yang sulit diobati. Hal ini sangat disayangkan oleh karena kalau dideteksi sedini mungkin dapat segera dilakukan tindakan pengobatan, maka hasilnya akan sangat memuaskan. Oleh karena itu pengetahuan mengenai tanda-tanda dini dari kanker kulit sangat penting, baik untuk pasien, maupun untuk para praktisi dokter dan petugas kesehatan. Jenis tumor ganas kulit yang banyak ditemukan diseluruh dunia ialah karsinoma sel basal (basalioma), karsinoma sel skuamosa, yang tergolong non melanoma dan melanoma maligna. Karsinoma sel basal adalah paling umum. Kanker merupakan penyebab kematian yang ke enam di Indonesia, sedangkan pada negara-negara maju merupakan penyebab kematian yang kedua setelah penyakit-penyakit kardiovaskuler. Kanker diderita oleh semua golongan masyarakat. Golongan social yang ekonominya kurang umumnya berobat pada stadium lanjut, sehingga sangat sukar untuk menyembuhkannya walaupun dengan cara-cara pengobatan yang mutakhir seperti sekarang ini. BAB II IKHTISAR KASUS IDENTITAS PENDERITA Nama : Ny. S Umur : 76 tahun Jenis Kelamin : Perempuan Alamat :...

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August 2012 This month’s newsletter is the first in a multi-part series on using the ANOVA method for an ANOVA Gage R&R study. This method simply uses analysis of variance to analyze the results of a gage R&R study instead of the classical average and range method. The two methods do not generate the same results, but they will (in most cases) be similar. This newsletter focuses on part of the ANOVA table and how it is developed for the Gage R &R study. In particular it focuses on the sum of squares and degrees of freedom. Many people do not understand how the calculations work and the information that is contained in the sum of squares and the degrees of freedom. In the next few issues, we will put together the rest of the ANOVA table and complete the Gage R&R calculations. In this issue: Sources of Variation Example Data The ANOVA Table for Gage R&R The ANOVA Results Total Sum of Squares and Degrees of Freedom Operator Sum of Squares and Degrees of Freedom Parts Sum of Squares and Degrees of Freedom Equipment (Within) Sum of Squares and Degrees of Freedom Interaction Sum of Squares and Degrees of Freedom Summary Quick Links Any gage R&R study is a study of variation. This means you have to have variation in the results. On occasion, I get a phone call from a customer wondering why their Gage R&R study is not giving them any useful information. And, in looking at the results, I discover that each result is the same – for each part and for each operator. There is no variation. I am asked – Isn’t it good that there is no variation in the results? No, not in a gage R&R study. It means that the measurement process...

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YEAR: 2008 / 2009 LAB: LC 2 LEVEL CONTROL CONDUCTED: 05 – 11 – 08 SUBMITTED: 19 – 11 – 08 ABSTRACT The main objectives of this experiment were to develop an open-loop dynamic model between the tank water levels and the pump speed from input step response data and to study the transient or momentary behaviour of proportional-only level control loops. Firstly the system was run as an open-loop system with no controller. The pump speed was varied and the tank level changed accordingly. Secondly, the system was run as closed-loop with a direct acting controller. The set point and proportional band was varied while the inlet flow was kept constant, then the inlet flow rate was varied. The results obtained agree with theory and the following results obtained. For open-loop changes in pump speed gave a linear change in tank level until steady state was re-established. For closed loop The average velocity gain, K, was found to be -0.4745/min For K = -0.4745/min and a time constant of 0.632min the controller gain Kc was calculated as 3.3346 giving a PB of 30% and for a time constant 1.475min, Kc was 1.4288 giving PB of 70%. The actual time constant, θ was greater than the theoretical time constant meaning that the changes occurred faster than expected. TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract i Objectives 1 Apparatus 1 Procedure 1 Theory 1 Open And Close Loop Response 1 Level Control 1 Proportional Control 2 Results & Calculations 4 I. Liquid Inventories In A Plant 4 Ii. Velocity Gain 5 A. Graphical Approach 5 B. Empirical Approach 5 Iii. Use Of Direct Acting Level Controller 5 Iv. Level Equation 6 V. Closed Loop Time Constant 7 Vi. Impact Of Increasing Θ Upon Closed Loop Response 7 Vii. Offset Shown By Proportional Level Controller...

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Secundaria Bilingüe Tec. De Monterrey Mathematics III – Exercises Booklet Period 2009-2010 2nd. Bimonthly period Elaborated by: Ing. Angélica Valverde Martínez & Ing. JoséArturo Ríos Gamboa.… .\\ Presentation: This Mathematics III Exercise Booklet, is done with the objective of give a support in the reinforcement, consolidation and evaluation of the contents of the Official Mathematics Program 2009-2010. This booklet is structured with the exercises of each bimonthly period. The activities are designed to develop de skills and abilities needed to fulfill the Mathematics III Study Program. The exercises are shown from the simple to the complex. All the activities and exercises must be complete. Is very important to show the procedure to solve a problem and do it very clearly. The student has to read carefully the instructions before start to solve the exercise. This booklet exercises will be part of the final bimonthly grade. Dear parents and students: We hope that this material will be helpful in all the students’ learning process, in the case that you have a suggest about the material presented in the booklet, we will appreciate that you tell us as soon as possible and we can work on it. Remember, to achieve the students’ learning goals, is very important that teachers, students and parents actively participate in the process. Welcome to this interesting and challenging trip called Mathematics III, we are sure that together we will reach the goals. Sincerely your teachers, Ing. Angélica Valverde Martínez & Ing. José Arturo Ríos Gamboa avalverde@itesm.mx arios@cdj.itsm.mx Contents: Second Bimester: UNIT ONE: Use of no lineal equations to model and solve situations using personal procedures and inverse operations: Translate common language into algebraic expressions and equations. Model and solve problems with personal procedures and then stablish no lineal equations. Model and solve problems writing algebraic equations and...

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