File Permission within UNIX and security within system.

Introduction: Many corporate giants have come along with their incredible incipient proprietary operating systems in an endeavor to supersede the defacto standard for corporate servers, and some have done quite well, but UNIX remains dominant. UNIX is recognized for many reasons. It is consistent, moveable, verified and specially adaptable. Most of the technical advancements can be supported by the basic design of a UNIX system. Basic design of UNIX system supports many technical advancements. Users: It serves many users. Users are such concepts that contribute that gives a reasonable body for job of ownership and operating benefits over the system. In UNIX, each user is identified by a user ID and the Username that is more comfortable. Permissions: Every file is has association with set of permissions. UNIX is told by permissions that what to do with the file and by whom it can be done. Three things can be done with a given file: Read it – To view contents of file – To read a directory Modify it – to add or change file – delete or move something in directory Execute it – to run a binary program or shell script – to search in directory UNIX permission specifies that which of the above mentioned operations can be execute for any ownership relation with respect to the file. “Owner”, “group” and “all”; requires triplet for each and makes nine bits as a result. Each bit can be set. Every set bit can be marked with its correlate alphabets while a clear bit can be by a sign dash. So, if ls -l on the command will get something like the following: [nick@thekla src]$ ls -l -rwxr-xr-x 1 nick users 382 Jan 19 11:49 bscoped.pl drwxr-xr-x 3 nick users 1024 Jan 19 11:19 lib/ -rwxr-xr-x 1 nick users 1874...

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Feedback To google The Quest To Balance Privacy With Profits Presentation.

Feedback to “Google: The Quest to Balance Privacy with Profits” Presentation The presentation had followed a very positive sequential arrangement of the slides. The presentation is properly classified into introductory part, Introduction to the problem statement of ethical privacy abuses, and the conclusion part which keeps the audience attached to the information provided. The first introduction part introduced Google and its expanded programs with highly effective facts followed by references to the facts from where the stats and quotations are included. The rationales illustrated to support the arguments in all portions of the presentation are very informative and authentic. A description of the copyright issues and a detailed explanation of the formulated solutions to tackle the issue along with statistical information and authentic facts persuasively strengthen the need and benefits of the solutions. Although the data and sequence in the presentation is very effective but the presentation clearly lacks visual and graphical support to make the presentation more interesting and compelling. For example the 4th slide in the presentation presents the benefits for the Google employees such as free gourmet lunches, outdoor volley ball courts, etc and the support to the facts could have been further increased by adding one or two visual images of these facilities in the organization’s offices. Similarly, graphical representations of the ethical abuse are missing in the presentation. Last but not the least; I would have preferred to use a separate reference page in the end of the presentation rather using references in the speaker’s notes section. Overall, I would again appreciate the efforts put in the presentation in the form of statistical rationales, sequential analysis of the case, and practical suggestion to implement in the ethical culture of the Google to address the issue. A little visual and graphical support along with a separate...

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Federalism And Its Effects On U.s. Citizens.

Federalism and its effects on U.S. citizens   Is federalism necessary? Federalism is a structure of state or government in which power is split between a federal government and other state governments. U.S constitution allocates some authorities or powers to central government and some to state or provincial governments. Moreover there are some special rights or powers which both central and state/provincial governments can enjoy. Composition of foreign policy, power to sign treaties, declaration of war, control of import and export, right to print money, polices like fiscal and monetary policy are few authorities of federal government which makes federalism necessary [USlegal (2014)]. Effects on U.S. citizens of federalism One of the positive effects on the United States’ citizens is that with the division of power between federal and state government, it has become easier to control the diverse population of United States. This is only due to the reason that state and local administrators, government employees and officials are much closer to the public and can solve problems more efficiently. The expansion of authorities among national and state level due to federal system has given the citizens more access and rights to meet their rulers, leaders or government authorities along with the opportunities to share their positive role to support government [Sparknotes (2015)]. Besides positive effect, the negative effect is that it hurdles the way of creation of a unanimous or national policy on different issues. There are different policies in different states on the same issue which leads to disturbance and creates confusion among citizens and people of United States. Some critics claim that federalism cannot function well due to ignorance and difference in policies which impacts people of U.S negatively [Sparknotes (2015)]. Resources USlegal (2014). Federalism-U.S Legal system. [WEB] Retrieved from: http://system.uslegal.com/federalism Sparknotes (2015). Advantages and Disadvantages...

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Federal Involvement In Education.

Federal Involvement in Education The Federal government is playing sufficient role for the betterment of educational standards in the USA to improve the quality of education to compete in the global educational standards. The federal government has realized its responsibility and provided authoritative autonomy to the local and state governments to handle most of the educational issues independently by passing the power of decision making to the grass root level by passing the legislative bills in the Congress [The Center for Public Justice (2015)]. Federal authorities involve themselves in the monitoring and regulatory activities for the improvement in the educational system. Feds provide essential support to the local state institutions in the form of financial funding required to run educational operations efficiently. These funds allotted by the Congress every year in the budget and passed to the school through the Ministry of Education [The Center for Public Justice (2015)]. These funds are used to conduct standard testing for the students and evaluations of the performance of the students is measured after gathering statistical data and feedback from these tests. The results of the tests conducted for the students are also used to evaluate the performance and competencies of the teaching staff [Marc F. Bernstein (2013)]. Federal legislation has also passed the bill in the Congress titled “No Child Left behind Act” which provides appropriate funds to the schools to conduct accountability of the students and those who do not meet the national standards of the education must be provided free tuitions after the school sessions and classes regarding their subjects [The Center for Public Justice (2015)]. References The Center for Public Justice (2015). How are Different Levels of Government (Local, State, Federal) Involved in Education? Is this Involvement Just? [WEB] Retrieved from: http://www.christiansinvestingineducation.org/levels_of_government Marc F. Bernstein (2013). Huffington Post. The...

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Expanding The Business Globally.

Expanding the business globally Expanding globally is a very big step for every business and requires a lot of thought and planning. Expanding the business globally affects the business and also the country in which the business operates. There could be a lot of reasons for a business to expand to the other parts of the world; these could include faster growth, cheaper inputs for the business like raw materials and labor, new market opportunities and more sales. Global expansion also affects the region and the country as there would be more diversity in the organization which means more foreigners working in our country or our people leaving for the target country, import and export could also have an impact on the country in which we operate our business. Expanding your business is a risky step and requires a lot of planning, a business could be exposed to a lot risks when entering globally, there is a risk that the people of target company might not accept the product, foreign government could have strict policies, foreign currency translation could cause a lot of problems, day to day operations will become more complex, one of the major risk is that business won’t be able to understand the norms and cultures of the target country and hence won’t be able to market the product effectively which would eventually lead to losses and closure of the business in that country. The advantages of expanding business globally include access to new customers leading to high sales and increased profit, many businesses competing in global markets hope to gain cost advantages by attaining economies of scale and by employing cheaper staff, business risk also diversifies by expanding into global markets. The disadvantages of expanding globally include heavy regulation of the target country’s government, increased operational...

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