Ethical And Legal Considerations.

Ethical and Legal Considerations Ethics are the core values which separate right and wrong. A set of principles which an organization or individual adopts for moral good. All non-profit or profit bases businesses tend to follow their specific code of ethics which, if followed strictly, can be used to promote the reputation of the organization that this organization, no matter what, does not violate certain rules and it is a trustable institute or product. A health care organization like hospitals deals with human lives and health. Health care organizations cannot compromise on quality of the services because their field of functioning directly impacts living beings. But a health care organization also has to maintain its financial budgets so they end up doing some profit, or reach a no loss point if it is a non-profit organization. Financial functioning and ethical values have to be strongly impact for a health care institute saving themselves from any legal actions. A financial functioning body in a health care organization should be very competent. It should not prioritize the needs of individuals highly. Financial manager should timely disclose any specific information about the financials before it becomes something above the law and legal actions are taken over health care unit. If an individual from strategic financial management of the health care unit deliberately make a decision that will fulfill his financial needs knowing that it will impact the financial and ethical department of the unit, then financial management team has made a mistake and that person has broken the law. A member of the financial team working for personal gains can be held legally accountable for breaking the law. A health care unit buys a lot of equipment for the treatment. Personal relationships of the employees among each other, greed, favoritism, conflict of interests,...

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Critical Legal Studies.

Critical Legal Studies Critical Legal Studies (CLS) is a school of thought that poses challenge to the norms and customs in the society with respect to the formulation of rules and laws. The followers of the CLS believe that the laws are formulated by the wealthy class of the society and these laws only protect the interests of powerful relevant population. The existing laws legislate and approve the inequalities and oppressions of the wealthy over poor and underprivileged class. Critical Legal Studies movement origins back to 1970’s when a number of people in America started to resist to the existing laws illustrating that these laws do not present the perspectives of general public. The movement categorically targets the systematic hierarchical established system of the government and justice system to overturn its procedures to formulated newer system focused on society. The admirers of Critical Legal Studies demonstrate that the governments are less focused on the education and awareness of people and they work more passively on building nations to blindly accept the system of policies without questioning the authenticity and authority of the laws that has been drafted for them [LII (2015)]. Broad Notions of Fairness in Deciding Cases A fundamental advantage of using broad notions of fairness in deciding cases would be the expected compliance and flexibility in the case decisions. All cases would be viewed in newer perspectives and general perceptions and stereotyping would be eliminated from making decisions. It provides opportunities for concerned parties to broadly convey their point of views and relevant information because they know there is flexibility in the law and people are ready to listen to viewpoint without jumping to direct conclusions. The disadvantage of this broad fairness rule would be the difficulty in identification of rules to define fairness which would be the...

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Criminal Behavior In Teenagers.

Criminal Behaviors in Late Adolescence The challenge in behavior developmental psychology is to categorically illustrate the time when a person starts to process information like adults with mature brain. The legislative body of 21 states in America has passed the law to allow the capital punishment to the teenagers who commit a murder or the equivalent crime by the age of 18. Psychologists argue that adolescence age of a person is less mature and the person in early twenties or late adolescence cannot construct his decisions maturely in accordance with the punishment associated with consequences. The decision making ability does not mature before the age of 25 and the lack of ability to comprehend the consequences associated with an action lead to committing violent crimes and immature decisions are made. That is why teenagers and juveniles must be considered less guilty for their criminal or unethical behaviors [Wade, C]. The mind of Lee Malvo, age 18, is undergoing developmental phase and he cannot formulate his decisions maturely. His mental ability to foresee the punishment associated with killing ten people in Washington, D.C. is very inefficient which suggests that Lee Malvo could not be considered full guilty for his crime. Juveniles like Lee Malvo must be accountable to a different judgmental and court system than the one installed in US for normal adult citizens and must not be granted capital punishment or life sentence for taking part in these brutal killings. The reason is quite clear from their mental immaturity and inability to critical decision making [Wade, C]. References Wade, C. Psychology, 8/e. Chapter 14. Development Over the brain. The Teenage Brain On Trial. Criminal Behavior In Teenagers...

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Courtroom Presentations With Visual Aid.

Courtroom Presentations with Visual Aid Visual presentation technology is increasing quickly with flow of modern age. Human mind is bound to form images of an experience and draw judgment accordingly. If a situation is explained in words, each individual will have imagery of it according to his understanding and perception. Visual and graphic proofs and presentations tend to create the same image of the situation to every mind and hence giving a static and clear dimension to make the right decisions [Donna Siers & Rick Kraemer (2009)]. With the advancement of technology, courtrooms and investigation cells are installing more and more components which can visualize the scenario in a better way. An investigator must present those visuals which convey the message very clearly. Because the visual proof can backfire as quickly as it can have benefit. The Crime Scene investigator must know about these visual effects because the public prosecutor cannot have enough time to reconnect all the evidences and compile it. In that case, the crime scene investigator might be asked to compile and prepare all the necessary visual documentation [Timothy Babcock (2014)]. Tools for displaying visual aids Investigators and prosecutors present different types of tools to prove their point in the court. Video evidences, pictorial representations using graphs, pictures relating to under discussion subject, necessary medical documentations, Audio and physical evidences are some of the many that can be used in a courtroom to better visualize the crime scene. Timeline showcase of chronological happenings helps the juror to understand the sequence and connection of events. If visuals are used effectively and in an orderly manner, it becomes easier to prove a point [David Randolph Smith, 1910 Acklen Avenue]. Advantages & Disadvantages of Power Point slides in Courtroom Power Point slide presentations provide a vast variety of animations, font...

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Businesses’ Legal Concerns Raised By Different Issues.

Businesses’ legal concerns raised by different issues The choice of a domain name for e-business is an important concern. Getting domain names a raises trademark issues like cybersquatting which means using, registering and selling domain names with the intention of gaining profit or earning form someone else’s trademark’s goodwill. Using someone’s trademark to improve the business identity can cause serious damage to e-business world [Standford.edu (2015)]. The problems regarding distribution of music and movies are the most music companies face that their music and movies can be downloaded through proxy websites and servers which allow illegal downloading of copyrighted MP3 and Mp4 files from anywhere. Applications like torrent and other similar websites allow users to get movies free of cost which also raises the royalty issue for concerning production companies [William Fisher (2000)]. Security and privacy issues have aroused to growth in e-businesses, due to several security breaches in present. Due to the growth in Internet use, the number of computer network security breaches experienced by businesses. This type of situations are not only making e-businesses more vulnerable and unsecure for the whole industry but also making it accessible for trouble makers and spies of industry. To minimize risk, business can establish security policies and processes to recognize and reduce threats and security collisions. This security issue includes website hacking and inclusion of viruses to retrieve personal or sensitive information from targeted resources [Referenceforbusiness (2015)]. Major concerned issue Most analysis and research has predicted that in future the major issue of doing e-business will be security and privacy issue because of the two reasons; first is that the internet isn’t a secure and safe place as it is an open system where everyone has access. Hackers find newer ways to enter into websites and business portfolios to get access to...

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