The Rule Of Law Is A Principle Of Democratic Law Making Implemented In Many Jurisdictions.

Public Law 1 – Writing Task Drawing upon the constitutional and democratic models you have studied, explain what is meant by the liberal conception of the rule of law. The rule of law is a principle of democratic law making implemented in many jurisdictions; it can manifest itself in both written and unwritten constitutions and its origins can be traced to ancient Greece. Its liberal conception fundamentally seeks to ensure all are treated equally by the law and no one is above the law. It may be noted that this is in stark contrast to earlier (Roman for example) and some modern forms of government which may concern divine right or immunity to the law for a ruling class. In a democratic society where the resolve of a majority may supress a significant minority, a problem with the rule of law manifests itself. This, it is suggested may be overcome by “…the recognition of the inalienable right of the individual, inviolable rights of the man”.1 Many nations have sought to enshrine these rights into their constitutions in aid of the principle of the rule of law and to limit the legislative power of the sovereign body. These right can be found both at international level, for example the European Convention on Human Rights and ensuing declarations of incompatibility which seek to resolve violations of human rights and at national level, for example the model of the rule of law found in the US constitution which gives rise to judges interpreting legislation as unconstitutional. Equality under the law can take many different forms, Pericles suggests that Athens was concerned with ensuring there was no discrimination due to “membership of a particular class”.2 This is certainly an ideal the modern conception of the rule of law aspires to today but the scope...

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Royal Nudity Kate Middleton Case.

NATIONAL SCHOOL OF POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE STUDIES Master in Communication and Advertising Culture and Communication   “Royal Nudity: Kate Middleton Case” Students: Diana Cojocar Ana Maria Gaspar Ioana Maria Ilie Roxana Iulia Toea Ana Maria Popa 2nd Year Bucharest, January 2014 I. Introduction The theme of the paper is “Private affairs gone public”. According to this theme, we are interested in the reconfiguration of the boundary between public and private spaces in the XXI century. The case chosen for the issue proposed is the publishing of the naked photos of Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, while on honeymoon with her husband, Prince William, at a private Chateau in France, at the beginning of September 2012. The event started first as a rumor but quickly proved to be true by the issuance in the French publication “Closer” of the controversial photos of Kate being topless. The ones who read about the event or heard about it may have asked themselves: why do the private lives of public figures is thought to be of public interest? Why does the public ask for the sensational? These questions, given the fact that they represent the theoretical dimension of the paper, will anticipate part of the concepts which constitute the foundation of our theoretical framework. We consider the case relevant for an in-depth understanding of the theme, given the fact that the protagonists of the event are public figures, members of the British Royal House, and have been in the attention of the media for a few years. Events like their royal wedding or the birth of their son have been highly publicized. Taking into consideration the exhibited context, their actions/reactions have benefited of a maximum visibility and have been highly debated. A consequence of the fact that we are speaking about public figures,...

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Practice In The Workplace

Practice in the Workplace [Type the document subtitle] user [Pick the date] The assessment is centred on the case study which involves aspects of medical negligence and violation of duty of care towards a patient. The case study involves a patient in the emergency department who was being administered Morphine via intravenous infusion post his operative procedure. Owing to his pain medication, the patient had been vomiting intermittently throughout the previous shift and it was now evening. On witnessing this scenario, Pamela (a newly graduated registered nurse) requested a senior nurse, Jane also working in the healthcare setting to review the patient’s analgesia. Listening to this, Jane asked Pamela to cease Morphine and administer Metaclopramide instead. Pamela pointed out that there was no written order to do the same and refused to administer this medication without prior written order. Jane then proceeded on to administer the medication herself and her actions resulted in severe medical consequences for the patient. In context of this case study, the assessment first seeks to discuss legal aspects such as duty of care towards the patient and negligence. Ethical considerations in accordance with ANMC codes of practice and responsibilities of the nurse-client and nurse-nurse relationship have also been highlighted in the case study discussion. A duty of care has been imposed on all nursing professionals and healthcare providers in Australia by law in all circumstances where this duty might be reasonably foreseeable. Duty of care of nursing professionals suggests that nurses have a legal responsibility to care for their patients and they must avoid all actions and decisions which might harm their patients. Duty of care of nursing professionals is not limited to situations where harm is caused as a result of their actions but extends to situations where harm is the result of not...

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Payments For Environmental Services (pes) Approach

Payments for Environmental Services (PES) approach, as potential to reduce land degradation Haki Kola,1* Gazmend Zeneli,2 Janaq Male3 1National Resources Management Project Rruga “Sami Frasheri” No. 4 Tirana, Albania Phone: +355 68 20 27707 E-mail: haki_kola@yahoo.com *Author for correspondence 2University of Technology, Dresden Faculty of Forest-, Geo-, and Hydro-sciences Institute for International Forestry and Forest Products, Chair of East European Forest and Forest Products Pienner strasse 19, 01737 Tharandt Germany 3SNV -Netherlands Development Organization P.O.Box 1735 Tirana, Albania Abstract Introduction Payments for Environmental Services Study area Puka agroecosystems Forest Village and Family Forest Agricultural land Methods and approach proposed Approaches to valuation Forest, pasture and agricultural land as “Natural capital” Cost- Benefit Analysis of the Natural Capital and Conservation decision Recommended steps toward PES implementation Acknowledgements References Abstract Payments for Environmental Services (PES) are one type of economic incentive for those that manage ecosystems to improve the flow of environmental services that they provide. Paying for the provision of environmental services is an environmental policy tool attracting much attention in both developed and developing countries, but not yet applicable in Albania. This paper discusses the potential of implementation of PES by communities located in Drini’s Microcatchment where Albanian’s biggest Hydropower Plants of Fierza, Komani and Vau i Dejës are established. Over harvesting, fires and overgrazing in forest area within the Drini watershed is proportionally correlated with land degradation, increase of erosion and flooding, causing the load of the hydropower reservoirs, thus increasing the need for public investments for national road maintenance, and building dams for erosion control around the Hydropower Plants. The participation of local communities in forest management in the last decade has demonstrated that sound natural ecosystems perform critical life-support services, beneficial for both local communities and general public, but not all environmental uses generate financial returns to...

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Patient Has Been Diagnosed With Perineal Tear, And Vaginal Childbirth. Jc Has A 20 Gauge Peripheral Iv Site In His Left Posterior Forearm

Case study NURS 208 9-28-11 Mrs. Lattamore Dayna Lancaster JC is a 30 year old white female being cared for at Princess Anne Hospital she was admitted on September 20th she presented with abdominal and lower back pain. Mrs. JC has been married for six years prior to current child she has no children of her own. Mrs. JC was originally born and raised in Fallon, Nevada. She is not a smoker and during her pregnancy she had not consumed any alcohol. After discharge JC plans to be a stay at home mother until Breanna is one year of age. Patient has been diagnosed with perineal tear, and vaginal childbirth. JC has a 20 gauge peripheral IV site in his left posterior forearm. Currently JC has a full code and she is allergic to sulfur drugs. She responds to verbally commands well though she does seem to be lethargic due to recent vaginal delivery. She has been placed on a regular diet as of 0400 on 9/20 post delivery. JC does not require assistance with ADL’s. On September 21st 2011 at 0304 JC gave birth to a 4lb 7oz baby girl by the name of Breanna. JC was 38 gestational weeks when she went into labor, she had a vaginal birth. Childbirth also called labor, birth; is the culmination of a human pregnancy or gestation period with the birth of one or more newborn infants from a woman’s uterus. The process of normal human childbirth is categorized in three stages of labor: the shortening and dilation of the cervix, descent and birth of the infant, and birth of the placenta. In many cases, with increasing frequency, childbirth is achieved through caesarean section, the removal of the neonate through a surgical incision in the abdomen, rather than through vaginal birth. Perineal...

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