A Case Study With Reference To Bharath Sanchar Nigam Limited

    A PROJECT REPORT      ON JOB SATISFACTIONS   A Case Study with Reference to BHARATH SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED .     NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHIONS TECHNOLOGY       DEPT. OF FASHIONS MANAGEMENT STUDIES . SUBMITTED BY: ITEE GUPTA ROLL NO. 15 SUBMITTED TO: ASSO. PROF. ANNA JI SHARMA . . . . . ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . . I deeply express my profound gratitude and whole hearted thanks to our NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHIONS TECHNOLOGY, who provided necessary facilities, guidance and endless encouragement, which helped me soundly. He is a boon to all of us not only in completing our projects but also throughout the course of study under the humanitarian grounds. . I thank all the employees in BSNL for their cooperation in successful completion of my project. . I would like to thank all the faculty members of NIFT for their excellent guidance and dedicated involvement. . I would like to thank my friends and family members for their cooperation in completing project successfully. . . . ITEE GUPTA . . . CONTENTS Topic index Page no. . 1.Chapter -1 05-09 Introduction and research methodology Definition Objectives of the study Scope of the study Hypothesis Methodology Data processing and analysing . 2.Chapter-2 10-11 Vision Mission Objectives . 3.Chapter-3 12-15      Theoretical aspects of job satisfaction Meaning Theories Determinents of job satisfactions 4.Chapter-4 16-17 Conclusions and suggestions . 5.Chapter-5 18-22 Questionnaire and bibliography . . . EXECUTVE SUMMARY . INTRODUCTION: The survey made regarding the job satisfaction in BSNL will facilitate and enables the management to know the perceptions and inner feelings regarding the job they are performing on day-to-day basis. . METHODOLOGY :         In the preparation of this report, the researcher the data from different sources.                The sources    of data as follows : Primary data: This data is gathered from first hand information sources by the researcher, this data collection from employees, managers, clerks etc., by administrating the questionnaire having face to face interaction with employees. Secondary data : This will give the theoretical basis required for the report presentation which can be available from various sources such as magazines, office files, inter office manual and web site. . MAJOR FINDINGS: There two types of variables, which determine the job satisfaction of an individual. These are: 1. Organization Variables 2. Personal Variables . CONCLUSION: Besides several other factors the economic development of a country depends upon the effective functioning of employees. In order...

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A Case Study Of Drama Education Curriculum For Young Children In Early Childhood Programs

A case study of drama education curriculum for young children in early childhood programs. . Abstract. This is a case study of drama education curriculum for young children taught by a drama specialist. Specifically, to understand unique drama teaching practices employed by a drama specialist, 9-week-long drama programs for one kindergarten and two 1st-grade classes were observed and the drama specialist was interviewed. Regular classroom activities taught by the classroom teachers were also observed to understand drama taught by the non-specialists. The findings indicate that the drama specialist’s curriculum highlights specialized drama knowledge and techniques that the classroom teachers do not address in their drama activities. Within a well-defined structure of a lesson composed of warm-up, main activity, and ending segments, children’skinesthetic exploration and representation, as well as expressivity, are emphasized. How the drama specialist’s teaching content and methods contribute to children’s learning and what is needed for staff development to improve drama education are Early childhood educators commonly teach all subjects to their students, including math, science, and the arts. However, not all teachers are trained in the variety of subjects they teach. Each subject has its unique essential forms of cognition and disciplines (Efland, 1990). Drama education is no exception, in that the discipline of drama education consists of extensive specialized knowledge and holds its own ways of knowing. A drama specialist is assumed to have special knowledge and experience in the field of drama that classroom teachers (generalists) may not possess, and as a result of this knowledge, can teach drama in a different way.  In this educational context, this research explores what a drama specialist teaches and how she teaches it at a private school in a metropolitan area. I highlight the structure and content of the specialist’s drama lessons and her specialized knowledge that are not found in the general early childhood classroom teachers’ practices, aiming to understand what early childhood educators can learn from a specialist. Thus, although the main purpose of this study is not a comparison between a drama specialist and general classroom teachers, classroom teachers’ methods of teaching drama isjuxtaposed to the specialist’s in order to highlight the specialist’s unique teaching content and methods. I then discuss how the drama specialist’s teaching contributes to children’s learning, and make suggestions for classroom teacher’s professional development through collaboration with specialists to improve drama education in early childhood programs.  Review of the Literature  Drama Education  Although the terms “drama education” and...

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Digital Media on Character.

Digital Media influence on character Technology has played a very important role in our lives; it has revolutionized the world by making everything more convenient and accessible. It has also revolutionized education by introducing digital media. Overall the research shows that digital media if used in an effective way has a positive effect on the learning of students as well as the way teachers teach in the class. Students are motivated when they are taught in the class by using digital tools. Students can develop skills like reading, writing and critical thinking by the usage of blogs and becoming a part of the discussions. It helps the students to socialize with different people and hence understand different cultures. Students also become politically and socially aware by watching documentaries and news. Digital media has made very easy for students to find information faster and manage multitasking. All these things can help teachers to provide the students with quality educational program; however some teachers also believe that entertainment media like the usage f music, film and television can be harmful for students. The teachers are also concerned that the research skills of the students are quite poor. [Blogs (2015)] A strategy that teachers can use to make digital learning better is frame, focus and follow-up. Frame helps student to pay attention to the main content in the media and then they are asked questions about it. Focus provides students to look for a specific thing in a video and in follow up students are asked to summarize what they saw in the video which helps them understand the content of the video.[Beyond penguins (2015)].   References Blogs (2015). Digital media influence on character. [WEB] Retrieved from: http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/DigitalEducation/2012/11/pair_of_surveys_finds_mixed_te.html Beyond Penguins (2015). Digital media influence on character. [WEB] Retrieved from: http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/climate-change-and-the-polar-regions/utilizing-digital-media-to-enhance-teaching-and-learning Digital Media on Character...

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Digital Media Influence On Character.

Digital Media influence on character Technology has played a very important role in our lives; it has revolutionized the world by making everything more convenient and accessible. It has also revolutionized education by introducing digital media. Overall the research shows that digital media if used in an effective way has a positive effect on the learning of students as well as the way teachers teach in the class. Students are motivated when they are taught in the class by using digital tools. Students can develop skills like reading, writing and critical thinking by the usage of blogs and becoming a part of the discussions. It helps the students to socialize with different people and hence understand different cultures. Students also become politically and socially aware by watching documentaries and news. Digital media has made very easy for students to find information faster and manage multitasking. All these things can help teachers to provide the students with quality educational program; however some teachers also believe that entertainment media like the usage f music, film and television can be harmful for students. The teachers are also concerned that the research skills of the students are quite poor. [Blogs (2015)] A strategy that teachers can use to make digital learning better is frame, focus and follow-up. Frame helps student to pay attention to the main content in the media and then they are asked questions about it. Focus provides students to look for a specific thing in a video and in follow up students are asked to summarize what they saw in the video which helps them understand the content of the video.[Beyond penguins (2015)].   References Blogs (2015). Digital media influence on character. [WEB] Retrieved from: http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/DigitalEducation/2012/11/pair_of_surveys_finds_mixed_te.html Beyond Penguins (2015). Digital media influence on character. [WEB] Retrieved from: http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/climate-change-and-the-polar-regions/utilizing-digital-media-to-enhance-teaching-and-learning Digital Media Influence On Character...

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Differences Between Debate, Discussion, And Dialogue.

Change Management – Unit 2 Differences between Debate, Discussion, and Dialogue Debate, Discussion and Dialogue are three essential elements in information sharing. It is the amount of information which is flowed through minds to learn newer perspectives of thought and implementations. Dialogue is carried out between parties to understand the points based on common shared objectives and understanding of the subject under consideration. It is integrative communication where a win-win situation is attained in the end by collaborative efforts. Debate on the other hand is a combative effort to win arguments over each other. In a debate, one party tends to lose its ground of logic and other party stands victorious. It is about supporting distinct point of views and arguing to prove the opposite party wrong. Discussion is a friendly form of debate in which one party defends its standpoint in friendlier manner [Joseph Alonzo (2012)]. Importance of Dialogue in Learning An adequate and impressive learning environment in organizations has the lowest tendencies of conflicts with highest rates of understanding and learning. Dialogue has the competency to flow information from the all ends and perspectives without being judgmental about the opinions and viewpoints of others. Individuals feel more relaxed and friendlier in sharing personal as well as professional thoughts within the team if they are not judged for what they believe in. The processing of information is highest as a keen listener and it also increases the chances of viewing in multiple perspectives. Dialogue creates chances in the workplace to engage in conversations which enhance the collaborations amongst teams [Joseph Alonzo (2012)]. Ground Rules for productive conversation The ground rules for an effective dialogue are that the concerned parties must be prepared mentally to listen to the point of views of other without being judgmental and must not try to find flaws in the thoughts of others. There must highest level of patience and the understanding that our personal viewpoints are not always correct and we should open our mind to process new information and perspectives. Relevant parties must not adopt to raise conflicts which means the patience of other must not be tested by using uncalculated words or phrases which encourage others for victorious debate. Designing an Effective Dialogue Session Effective dialogue session can be designed by conducting the session in a very comfortable and learning environment and there must be no distractions in the communications whatsoever. The...

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