A Case Study Of Drama Education Curriculum For Young Children In Early Childhood Programs

A case study of drama education curriculum for young children in early childhood programs. . Abstract. This is a case study of drama education curriculum for young children taught by a drama specialist. Specifically, to understand unique drama teaching practices employed by a drama specialist, 9-week-long drama programs for one kindergarten and two 1st-grade classes were observed and the drama specialist was interviewed. Regular classroom activities taught by the classroom teachers were also observed to understand drama taught by the non-specialists. The findings indicate that the drama specialist’s curriculum highlights specialized drama knowledge and techniques that the classroom teachers do not address in their drama activities. Within a well-defined structure of a lesson composed of warm-up, main activity, and ending segments, children’skinesthetic exploration and representation, as well as expressivity, are emphasized. How the drama specialist’s teaching content and methods contribute to children’s learning and what is needed for staff development to improve drama education are Early childhood educators commonly teach all subjects to their students, including math, science, and the arts. However, not all teachers are trained in the variety of subjects they teach. Each subject has its unique essential forms of cognition and disciplines (Efland, 1990). Drama education is no exception, in that the discipline of drama education consists of extensive specialized knowledge and holds its own ways of knowing. A drama specialist is assumed to have special knowledge and experience in the field of drama that classroom teachers (generalists) may not possess, and as a result of this knowledge, can teach drama in a different way.  In this educational context, this research explores what a drama specialist teaches and how she teaches it at a private school in a metropolitan area. I highlight the structure and content of the specialist’s drama lessons and her specialized knowledge that are not found in the general early childhood classroom teachers’ practices, aiming to understand what early childhood educators can learn from a specialist. Thus, although the main purpose of this study is not a comparison between a drama specialist and general classroom teachers, classroom teachers’ methods of teaching drama isjuxtaposed to the specialist’s in order to highlight the specialist’s unique teaching content and methods. I then discuss how the drama specialist’s teaching contributes to children’s learning, and make suggestions for classroom teacher’s professional development through collaboration with specialists to improve drama education in early childhood programs.  Review of the Literature  Drama Education  Although the terms “drama education” and...

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Critical Analysis Of Rock .

Critical Analysis of Rock n’ Roll Deviance is behaving against social and cultural norms. Society normally behaves in a certain pattern which repeats within groups of people. These norms are considered way of living in a social circle which when violated and tried to live differently causes relative abnormality. This relative abnormality of not following a pattern adopted by the society is called deviance. Deviance is relative because normality could differ from person to person. One group of people may think normal to wear short dresses and bikinis in social gathering whereas this type of actions might be deviance to a group of fundamental Muslim social circle where wearing short dresses and transparent clothes is considered unethical. So what is normal to one group could be deviance to another. Difference in cultural backgrounds, religious beliefs and parenting methodology are the factors on larger scale which affects the concepts of relative abnormality. Rock n’ Roll music genre was effected largely by the concept of deviance. This music genre was criticized initially by public and critics. Rock n’ Roll discussed topic which were considered anti-Christian and there was a sense of revolt against society and states thought as anti-patriotic. People who listened to music had never experienced lyrical and compositional music such as Rock n’ Roll so it created deviance for people. It became one of the most influential and heard music genres of all time later on. It faced deviance as well as relativity of the concept flowing from unpopularity to popularity further clarifying how one thing might be a deviance at one time and convert to norm with evolution of human race and time. Rock music evolved with time. Each individual or band of artists kept adding more instruments and sounds to its predecessor. Musicians like Elvis Presley, Bill Haley and The Comets and The Coasters who achieved their commercial success in early 50’s thought of progressive rock, blues and rock n’ roll bands like The Beatles, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Rolling Stones to be highly deviated. The new music was not welcomed by the norms of music critics and artists who were so indulged in their box of thinking that they didn’t accept the new genres and instruments too early. New bands had to wait for some time until world recognized their talent and converted them to highly socially acceptable form of music. Many Artists took up...

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Comparison And Contrast Between Rap Music And Progressive Rock.

Comparison and Contrast between rap music and progressive rock Rap and progressive rock genres commonly relate to the social problems such as oppressive social laws, human relationships, and drug abuse in the society but both tend to represent their viewpoints in unique and peculiar manners. Rap music promotes a culture of violence and aggressiveness in all aspects of the messages it conveys to the audience whereas progressive rock is more lyrical and poetic and introduces complex progressive and multi-instrumentalist tunes. Every next line in rap lyrics is independent of the previous versus because it does not follow any particular pattern in the song but the songs are necessarily built up on one single theme. These themes can be love, breakups and struggles in relationships, benefits or harms of drug abuse, or an overview of socially unacceptable laws. The rap lyrics are usually long comprising of lengthy stories and prolonged passages [Ncampbell (2011)]. In comparison to the rap music, progressive rock is much more complex and poetic. Every song follows a poetic and melodious pattern in its tune and lyrics contain literature-oriented language that has multi-perspectives to comprehend and one song can be related to multiple situations. The main theme of progressive rock is drugs, philosophy, and human relationships in a much generalized way as compared to rap music which is more specific in its elaboration and illustration [McLatchey, M. (2006)]. The progressive rock follows a completely different fashion apparel style from rap music in the form of long hairs and psychedelic clothing and appearances. The progressive rock can be more comprehensively understood by listening to complete albums because every next song is linked or somehow related to the previous songs. The idea of concept-albums as introduced by artists like Pink Floyd must be appreciated very openly in which all tracks in the album follow one particular story and build up onto that story just like a movie or a drama serial would but it is in a very generalized form for the audience to comprehend it as per their own understanding [Wikihow (2015)]. In comparison to this, rap music revolves mostly around the individual tracks and artists release single tracks on and off to keep the audience connected and progressive rock audience waits for entire complete albums. The commercially and critically acclaimed album “The Wall” by Pink Floyd was one of the first concept albums whose basic idea was how...

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