Cja 484 Criminal Justice Trends Corrections.

Education English General Law

Criminal Trends CJA 484 Criminal Justice Trends Corrections CJA 484 Criminal Justice Trends: Corrections Criminal justice can be considered a system of practices and institutions. The government directed system is intended for maintaining control socially, mitigating and deterring crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The criminal justice system is made up of three sections: (1) Legislative (create laws); (2) adjudication (courts); and (3) corrections (jails, prisons, probation and parole) (Ariestechsoft, 2013). In criminal justice, particularly in North America, correction, corrections, and correctional, are umbrella terms describing a variety of functions typically carried out by government agencies, and involving the punishment, treatment, and supervision of persons who have been convicted of crimes (Carson & Sabol, 2012) . These functions commonly include imprisonment, parole and probation. In this paper, the writer will evaluate past, present, and future trends of corrections. Discuss the budgetary and managerial impact that future trends will likely have not only on corrections, but also the other components of the criminal justice system. Evaluate In the past corrections used to be vastly different than it is today. Corrections were merely just a place to store individuals who have broken the laws of the land. This place had no regard to the age, sex, or the nature of the law broken. The corrections facility could be considered a cave like area dug out with a cage on top. In the captivity there were murders housed with shoplifters and rapist. There were also children housed with adults. There were no orders as to how the individuals would be treated. This simply means that the individuals that are held in captivity had no rights and did not have the opportunity to prove their innocent. They were presumed guilty from simply being placed in captivity. The corrections were recognized as overcrowded, as far back as the early 1800’s. In today’s corrections, the predisposition of jails, prisons, and correctional facilities are considered well used. Strangely it is usually undocumented by correctional commentators, that the explosive growth in jail and prison populations has been exceeded by the growth of community corrections populations, particularly in the area of probation. This is so perhaps for the reason that of the less significant strictures on liberation for offenders and the lesser relative cost for the state (Sage PUB, 2013). For instance, from 1990 to 2005 there was an average increase of…

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