A CASE STUDY ON CNS INFECTION

A CASE STUDY ON CNS INFECTION   Submitted to; Ms. Verlyn Perez RN,MSN   Submitted by; Marie Joy R. Luczon Student Nurse I.INTRODUCTION A febrile seizure is a convulsion in a child triggered by a fever. Such convulsions occur without any underlying brain or spinal cord infection or other neurological cause. A febrile seizure is a convulsion that occurs in some children with a high temperature (fever). The vast majority of febrile seizures are not serious. A seizure triggered by a fever is usually harmless and typically doesn’t indicate a long-term or ongoing problem. The first febrile seizure is one of life’s most frightening moments for parents. Most parents are afraid that their child will die or have brain damage. Thankfully, simple febrile seizures are harmless. There is no evidence that simple febrile seizures cause death, brain damage, mental retardation, a decrease in IQ, or learning difficulties. However, a very small percentage of children go on to develop other seizure disorders such as epilepsy later in life. Although described by the ancient Greeks, it was not until this century that febrile seizures were recognized as a distinct syndrome separate from epilepsy. In 1980, a consensus conference held by the National Institutes of Health described a febrile seizure as, “An event in infancy or childhood usually occurring between three months and five years of age, associated with fever, but without evidence of intracranial infection or defined cause.”It does not exclude children with prior neurological impairment and neither provides specific temperature criteria nor defines a “seizure.” Another definition from the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) is “a seizure occurring in childhood after 1 month of age associated with a febrile illness not caused by an infection of the central nervous system (CNS), without previous neonatal seizures or a previous unprovoked seizure, and…

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